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معجزه گفتار درمانی - اختلال در بلع (Dysphagia)
معجزه گفتار درمانی
زبان آیینه روحیات انسانی است .گوتفرید ویلهلم
پنجشنبه 5 خرداد 1390

اختلال در بلع (Dysphagia)

پنجشنبه 5 خرداد 1390

نوع مطلب :

         

اختلال دربلع یعنی حرکت لقمه هاازدهان به معده به علت بدشکلی هایی که درساختار های مربوط به بلع یااختلال درحرکتشان ایجاد شده است، دچار مشکل می شود.اختلال دربلع دهانی حلقی بوسیله اختلال درآغازفرایند بلعیدن بوجود می آید که انتقال غذا ازدهان به مری دچار نقص می شود.

علائم اختلال دربلع

علائم اختلال در بلع به طور کلی شامل موارد زیر است.

  1. حرکات اغراق آمیز دهان در طول بلع یا جویدن
  2. وجود مشکلاتی در شروع بلع
  3. سرفه یا حالت خفگی هنگام و بعد از خوردن مایعات (آسپیراسیون)
  4. نیاز به دو-سه مرتبه بلع برای هر لقمه (بلع مکرر)
  5. باقی ماندن غذا روی زبان پس از بلع
  6. نگهداری و ماندن غذا در کنار دهان (تشکیل کیسه)
  7. آبریزش از دهان خصوصاً بلافاصله پس از خوردن
  8. ترشحات بیش از حد بزاق
  9. صوت غرغره مانند
  10. افزایش دمای بدن به علت ناشناخته پس از بلع
  11. ناراحتی تنفسی مزمن
  12. بیرون دادن غذا
  13. امتناع از غذا خوردن
  14. افزایش مدت زمان صرف غذا
  15. بلع دردناک
  16. علائمی از تهوع، سرفه، آسپیره، خفگی
  17. اشکال در سرفه ارادی
  18. آپراکسی بلع

 

منبع : حسینی، ز. تعیین شیوع اختلال در بلع دهانی حلقی در میان سالمندان بستری در آسایشگاههای شهر اصفهان، پایان نامه کارشناسی دانشگاه علوم پزشکی اصفهان، 1389

       




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